Shingling a Roof
Shingling or roof a home is a significant endeavor for a house owner and severe care is needed. This stated, a Do-It-Yourselfer house owner can shingle or roofing system their own house with a little understanding and the right tools.
In order to roofing system a home effectively and securely the following tools are required: Ladders, Roof Jacks, Hammer, Carpenters Knife, Chalk Line, and ideally a compressor or nail weapon.
There are eighty shingles in one square. Generally 3 packages equivalent one square, nevertheless this can differ a little pending the shingle design.
Step the location of your roofing system (length x width) and divide by 100 to get the variety of squares needed. Increase this number by 3 to get the number of packages of shingles needed for the task. Include an extra 10-15% for extra, favoring the 15% if your roofing system has valleys and hips.
Procedure the outdoors boundary of the roofing to determine the drip edge needed. Normally just one or 2 courses of ice and water guard is needed along the bottom/eave of the roofing and in the valleys. Compute 2 times the length of the roofing system and valleys to approximate the quantity of ice and water guard needed.
Normally each shingle will need 4-6 roof nails and flashing generally is available in 16″ large functions or 6×6 or 8×8 square inch actions. Action flashing is normally utilized around chimneys, dormers and side wall junctions. Hip and Ridge vent will differ with regional building regulations, nevertheless a rough quote would be to determine the length of your roofing system’s hip and ridges and take 75% of this figure for determining the quantity of vent needed.
You must now have the ability to relatively properly determine the expense of product for roof your house.
Setting Up the Drip Edge
Nail the Drip edge around the whole outdoors border of the roofing system.
Use the Ice and Water Shield Membrane and the Asphalt Paper
Use the ice and water guard product such that it is flush with the drip edge. Include a 2nd course of ice and water guard for included defense if the environment in your location has severe winter seasons and/or considerable yearly rains. You need to likewise include the ice and water guard membrane in the valleys.
Next use the asphalt paper to the whole roofing, beginning with the bottom and working towards the ridge. Ensure each course of asphalt paper overlaps the lower row by a number of inches (efficiently shingling with the asphalt paper).
Set up metal flashing
Set up metal flashing in all of the valleys. Action flashing around dormers and chimneys will be included as the shingles are set up.
Setting up the Shingles
Start the shingling at the bottom of the roofing system (or at the eaves). Lay a starter course such that the bottom edge of the shingle lines up flush with the drip edge. The starter strip is a “tabless” shingle that you make from the routine shingles utilizing your carpenter’s knife.
Lay your next course of complete shingles over the very first course, staggering the starter joints from the very first course to avoid water penetration.
You desire to attempt to prevent little shingle pieces at the far end of the roofing. To avoid this, divide the length of the roofing by the length of a complete shingle and examine how much of a shingle length you desire to begin with.
Utilize a Chalk Line
To guarantee your shingle courses run directly utilize a chalk line. Procedure the completed expose on your shingles. This will guarantee that you shingles run straight and real as you advance up the roofing with the courses.
Vertical lines ought to likewise be snapped every 3 to 6 feet to guarantee your tabs preserve positioning.
Usage of Roof Jacks
After 3 or 4 courses of shingles have actually been set up utilizing ladders, roofing system jacks might be needed to access the upper courses. Roofing system jacks are steel brackets that hold slabs in position for you to base on. The roofing system jacks need to be safely nailed through the decking and into rafters to guarantee that they will support your weight.
Shingling Valleys, Chimneys, Skylights and Dormers, and Step Flashing
Shingling the valleys and setting up flashing needs additional care. The shingles, normally originating from 2 converging courses when going into a valley, require to overlap each other such that no water penetration happens.
Dormers, chimneys and skylights should be action flashed (action flashing is interleaved with each course of shingles) to make sure water is avoided permeating the roofing system.
Including the Ridge Vent and Caps
To finish the roof job, ridge vents require to be set up. These are nailed to the top of the ridge and after that topped.
The ridge cap avoids water from going into the house by means of the ridge vent, while still enabling your house to breath. The ridge cap is built out of private shingle tabs that have their incomplete corners cut off at 45 degree angles. Each customized shingle tab, is nailed such that it overlaps the previous piece as you work your method down the length of the ridge vent.
Lay a starter course such that the bottom edge of the shingle lines up flush with the drip edge. The starter strip is a “tabless” shingle that you make from the routine shingles utilizing your carpenter’s knife.
You desire to attempt to prevent little shingle pieces at the far end of the roofing system. To avoid this, divide the length of the roofing by the length of a complete shingle and evaluate how much of a shingle length you desire to begin with. After 3 or 4 courses of shingles have actually been set up utilizing ladders, roofing system jacks might be required to access the upper courses.